Last year, Esther Derby and Jean Tabaka shared a model at the 2008 Retrospective Facilitator’s Gathering that I now think about all the time. Esther Derby and Diana Larsen used it as the base model to describe how to run retrospectives. It also got me thinking how it mirrored different models described by other facilitation approaches, negotiations strategies and advice on how to give effective feedback. Apparently this originated in the book, The Art of Focused Conversation.
The base model starts with the acronym ORID that means:
- Objective – Focus on the facts, hard evidence data
- Reflective – Focus on how that made people feel or other associations
- Interpretive – Focus on the impact and significance
- Decisive – Focus on next steps.
I thought it’d be useful to share this model with a wider audience, and I keep forgetting what the “I” specifically stood for, so I’m putting here so I can find it later.
More on how to apply this later.